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Liquid and Gas Sampling  

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Sampling liquefied gases such as Chlorine, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and other is very challenging mainly because these are toxic chemicals and no exposure is allowed.

New Technology

Consult this page to understand how BIAR COLUMBIA-LY sample container provide a sufficient vapor space to prevent over-pressure from volumetric expansion.
BIAR Liquefied Gas Sample valve mounted at 90 degree on a horizontal pipelineBIAR Liquefied Gas Sample valve mounted on a vertical pipelineTo improve the current sample method by simplifying the process, reducing potential leak points and improving the general quality of the equipment, we propose using one of our valve with a sample cylinder and associated accessories such as bayonet connection and safety plug.
To provide volume for product expansion, the valve must be installed on a vertical pipeline or at 90° on a horizontal pipeline as illustrated on the left.

 New Sampling System for liquefied gas LG

Purely from the sample process point of view, the simplest and recommended way is to install the valve directly on the process line. However, if this is not possible, another recommended way is to install the valve on a fast loop between the high-pressure and low-pressure sides of the pump in a re-circulation line. Assuming the valve is installed directly on the process line or on a fast loop with constant product flow-through, the steps to grab a sample will be the following:

  1. Remove the safety plug from the bayonet connection (secondary containment) 
  2. Remove the safety cap from the sample cylinder
  3. Connect the sample cylinder 
  4. Open the sample cylinder 
  5. Open the sample valve 
  6. Wait a defined amount of time to make sure the desired sample amount is collected 
  7. Close the sample cylinder
  8. Close the sample valve
  9. Disconnect the sample cylinder
  10. Put the safety cap back on the sample cylinder 
  11. Put the safety plug back on the sample valve 
This new method represents less steps than traditional Sample Methods and each steps are intuitive. Furthermore, only the desired amount of product is extracted from the process line, thus eliminating the need to recycle unwanted residue

    Traditional Sample methods

    Some risks present in traditional sample methods are: 

    • Numerous steps require the operator to handle multiple valves in a precise sequence in order to prevent exposure and guarantee a representative sample. 
    • There are numerous potential leak points 
    • The nature of some fittings (i.e. Quick-connect flexible tubing) present potential exposure risks 
    A robust design is difficultly achieved due to small tubing and numerous equipment involvedTo illustrate the complexity of the current sample method, below is an example of some of the steps the operator may have to follow in order to grab a representative sample in a safe way:
      Traditional Liquefied Gas (LG) Sampling Systems
    1. Remove the safety cap from the thread connection 
    2. Remove the safety cap from the sample cylinder
    3. Screw the sample cylinder to the thread connection 
    4. Connect the quick-connect on the sample cylinder 
    5. Make sure Valve B is closed 
    6. Open Valve C 
    7. Open Cylinder Valve 2 
    8. Open Cylinder Valve 1 
    9. Open valve A 
    10. Wait a defined period of time 
    11. Close Cylinder Valve 2 
    12. Close Cylinder Valve 1 
    13. Close Valve A 
    14. Wait a defined period of time to make sure the flexible PFA tubing has been entirely flushed 
    15. Close Valve C 
    16. Open Valve B 
    17. Wait a defined period of time to make sure the thread connection and tubing between Valve A and Valve B have been entirely flushed 
    18. Close valve B 
    19. Disconnect the quick-connect on the sample cylinder 
    20. Unscrew the sample cylinder from the thread connection
    21. Put the safety cap back on the thread connection
    22. Put the safety cap back on the sample cylinder 
    In the above example, one can see that there is not only a lot of steps involved, but it is also important to follow the exact sequence to avoid product exposure, leaks and/or other safety problems. 
    Additionally, the product that is extracted from the process line and is not collected in the sample cylinder must be recycled in a safe way - this is in itself another challenging aspect linked to sampling. 

    Other differences of the proposed solution vs. the traditional method:

    • Both the Sample Valve and Sample Cylinder can be fitted with bellows-type seals, providing perfect sealing and increased safety versus traditional stuffing box or other sealing technics
    • To guarantee a representative sample, the sample cylinder must be prepared prior to sampling - it is not possible to flush it at the sample point. 
    • To guarantee robust, high quality equipment and disassembling functionality, the design of our sample cylinders are heavier and more bulky than sample cylinders readily available in the industry 
    • Because it is a proprietary design, BIAR is the only supplier of the proposed sample cylinders

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